Project management can be defined as organising, planning, motivating, and controlling procedures, resources and protocols in order to achieve the particular goals of a specific project. A project is a temporary and time-constrained mission that is aimed at producing a specific result, product or a service. In addition, a project is also often constrained by funding as well as other resources.
The aim of project management is to utilise the limited time as well as resources and then to channel them towards achieving of the goal of the project in order to attain the optimum results that are beneficial and are of added value.
We define general management as managing available resources and their time spent towards accomplishing the financial goals or objectives of the organisation. This task usually includes organising, planning, staffing, leading, controlling or directing specific resources, time or people.
General management also includes the control of human, financial, technological or natural resources to the maximum benefit of the organisation.
As we can see, project management and general management overlap in many ways, but there are also significant differences, as you will see from the following:
What Are Their Separate Functions?
The management function involves creative problem-solving, motivating employees and making sure the organisation accomplishes their objectives and goals. There are five functions that management is responsible for carrying out, namely:
These functions are on-going functions.
The project management function involves the discipline of initiating, planning, executing, controlling, and closing the work of a team with a view to achieving project goals and meeting project success criteria. These functions are limited to the duration of the project.