An organogram of a company usually shows the managers and sub-workers who make up an organisation. This type of diagram also shows the relationships between directors, managing director, chief executive officer and various departments. In many large companies, the organogram can be large and incredibly complicated and is sometimes split into smaller charts for each separate department within the organisation.
3 Types Of Organograms
A hierarchical organisation is a company structure where every entity in the business, except one, is subordinate to one single other entity. This arrangement is a format of a hierarchy.
In such an organisation, the hierarchy usually consists of a singular level or group of power players at the top with other levels of power beneath them. This is the dominant model of organisation among large organisations. Most corporations, governments, and organised religions are hierarchical organisations which have different levels of management, power or authority. Members of hierarchical organisational structures chiefly communicate with their immediate superior and with their immediate subordinates.
Structuring organisations in this way is useful partly as it can reduce the communication overhead by limiting information flow. However, this is also its major limitation
Matrix management is a kind of organisational management in which people with related skills are pooled for work assignments. For instance, all engineers may be in one engineering department and report to an engineering manager however these same engineers may be assigned to different projects and then report to a project manager while working on that particular project.
This means that each engineer may need to work under several managers to get their job done.